USDA Hogs & Pigs Report 09/29 14:26
US Sept. 1 Hog Inventory Down 1% From Year Ago
2021 2022 2023 2022 as 2023 as
of 2021 of 2022
(1,000 head) (1,000 head) (percent)
All Hogs Sept. 1 74,867 73,800 99%
Kept for Breeding 6,190 6,152 99%
Kept for Marketing 68,677 67,648 99%
Under 50 lbs. 21,690 21,343 98%
50-119 lbs. 20,211 19,887 98%
120-179 lbs. 14,246 14,073 99%
180 lbs. 12,529 12,345 99%
Jun-Aug 3,050 3,018 99%
Sep-Nov* 3,049 2,973 98%
Dec-Feb* 2,929 2,919 2,902 100% 99%
Jun-Aug Pig Crop 33,944 33,581 99%
(number) (number) (percent)
Jun-Aug Pigs Per Litter 11.13 11.13 100%
This article was originally posted at 2:26 p.m. CDT on Thursday, Sept. 29.
It was last updated with additional information at 2:40 p.m. CDT on
Thursday, Sept. 29.
OMAHA (DTN) -- United States inventory of all hogs and pigs on Sept. 1,
2022, was 73.8 million head. This was down 1% from Sept. 1, 2021, but up
2% from June 1, 2022.
Breeding inventory, at 6.15 million head, was down 1% from last year, and
down slightly from the previous quarter.
Market hog inventory, at 67.6 million head, was down 1% from last year,
but up 2% from last quarter.
The June-August 2022 pig crop, at 33.6 million head, was down 1% from
2021. Sows farrowing during this period totaled 3.02 million head, down 1%
from 2021. The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 49% of the
breeding herd. The average pigs saved per litter was 11.13 for the June-
August period, unchanged from last year.
United States hog producers intend to have 2.97 million sows farrow during
the September-November 2022 quarter, down 2% from the actual farrowings
during the same period one year earlier, and down 6% from the same period
two years earlier. Intended farrowings for December 2022-February 2023, at
2.90 million sows, are down 1% from the same period one year earlier, and
down 1% from the same period two years earlier.
The total number of hogs under contract owned by operations with over
5,000 head, but raised by contractees, accounted for 50% of the total
United States hog inventory, up 1% from the previous year.
All inventory and pig crop estimates for September 2021 through June 2022
were reviewed using final pig crop, official slaughter, death loss, and
updated import and export data. The revision made to the March 2022-May
2022 pig crop was 0.1%. A net revision of 0.7% was made to the March 2022
all hogs and pigs inventory. The net revision made to the December 2021-
February 2022 pig crop was 0.6%.
"Thursday's Quarterly Hogs and Pigs report came out rather supportive to
the lean hog complex given that all data entries came in lighter than
year-ago figures," said DTN Livestock Analyst ShayLe Stewart.
"The U.S. hog and pig inventory for Sept. 1 totaled 73.8 million head,
which was 1% lighter than a year ago, but significantly lighter than the
anticipated 74.3 million head that analysts predicted ahead of the
"For the weight breakdown of hogs to be marketed in the future, it was
also comforting for producers to see that hogs weighing under 50 pounds
and those weighing 50 to 119 pounds, came in 2% lighter than a year ago;
and then the upper two divisions of hogs weighing 120 to 179 pounds and
those weighing 180 pounds or more came in 1% lighter than a year ago. Even
though hog carcass weights have recently increased, fewer hogs in the
supply chain will help alleviate some marketing pressure.
"The lean hog market has endured severe pressure over the last seven days
-- largely being fueled by immense outside pressures from our weakened
economy. But given the combination of Thursday's strong export report and
bullish Hogs and Pigs report, the market may be able to scale higher upon
these favorable findings."
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